THE IMPORTANCE OF UNDERSTANDING ENERGY BALANCE
Presenter: Blair SN
It is indisputable that obesity rates have been increasing in most countries
around the world over the past few decades. The causes of this epidemic
are complex and are not well understood. It is clear that persistent weight
gain over time is caused by individuals being in positive caloric balance,
consuming more calories than they burn on too many days. Therefore
the obesity epidemic is due to too many people being in positive caloric
balance, where their energy intake exceeds their energy expenditure.
Although positive energy balance can be caused by increases in intake,
decreases in expenditure, or a combination of the two; most of the
attention in the scientific and lay press focuses on the intake side of the
equation. This imbalance in attention to the energy expenditure side of
energy balance and a major focus on the intake side is unlikely to produce
policies, strategies, and tactics that will be effective in reducing the obesity
epidemic. This lecture will include information on both sides of the energy
balance equation and I will discuss current flawed strategies and make
suggestions for new directions.
CPD Points: 0.5
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